Cotton and Race: Living Bibliography

This page is an experiment in extending the lifespan of a scholarly book, by documenting primary and secondary sources that have appeared since publication, or that were overlooked in my initial research. It will eventually be linked to a public bibliographic collection via Zotero on cotton agriculture and industry in the Atlantic world.

The entries below are organized geographically where possible, and by topic when no specific region is applicable.


Dorward, D. C. “An Unknown Nigerian Export: Tiv Benniseed Production, 1900-1960.” The Journal of African History 16, no. 3 (1975): 431-59.

I know that I read this 1975 article at some point in the 8+ years spend working on the book, but I  failed to cite it and missed the opportunity to use some interesting archival material the Dorward reproduces in the article. The article shows how British colonial officials and merchants tried to stimulate the production of cash crops among the Tiv peoples of southeastern Nigeria. The British Cotton Growing Association attempted to buy seed cotton from the Tiv, to help develop improved varieties of cotton and to draw the Tiv into cash crop production. Tiv farmers preferred to grow sesame (benniseed), which involved less work for more pay. This was a familiar story in Nigeria and across Britain’s African empire.





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