Oil Palm: a Global History

Errata notice: early printings of the book shipped with an error on page 262. The text should read “240 million tons of vegetable oil by 2050,” rather than “240 million tons of palm oil.” This error was corrected June 2021 in ebooks and will be corrected in later printings. I also found a mistake in the data underlying Graph 9.1 (page 200). Please ignore this chart! Readers can find statistics and charts on the vegetable oil industry from sources like Statista, FAOSTAT, or the USDA’s PSD database.

Oil palms are ubiquitous—grown in nearly every tropical country, they supply the world with more edible fat than any other plant and play a role in scores of packaged products, from lipstick and soap to margarine and cookies. And as Jonathan E. Robins shows, sweeping social transformations carried the plant around the planet.

First brought to the global stage in the holds of slave ships, palm oil became a quintessential commodity in the Industrial Revolution. Imperialists hungry for cheap fat subjugated Africa’s oil palm landscapes and the people who worked them. In the twentieth century, the World Bank promulgated oil palm agriculture as a panacea to rural development in Southeast Asia and across the tropics. As plantation companies tore into rainforests, evicting farmers in the name of progress, the oil palm continued its rise to dominance, sparking new controversies over trade, land and labor rights, human health, and the environment.

By telling the story of the oil palm across multiple centuries and continents, Robins demonstrates how the fruits of an African palm tree became a key commodity in the story of global capitalism, beginning in the eras of slavery and imperialism, persisting through decolonization, and stretching to the present day.

Available now from University of North Carolina Press

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